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IL SOLE 24 ORE Venerdì, 15 Ottobre 2010 13:07
    IL SOLE 24 ORE - SANITA' - 27 APRILE 2010 Di Umberto Izzo e Matteo Macilotti,  LA NEBULOSA DELLE BIOBANCHE, Privacy proprietà e brevetti i nodi più spinosi - In Italia troppi lacci allo sviluppo         Read more
UNITN Venerdì, 15 Ottobre 2010 13:07
    UNITN n. 117 09.2010 - IL MONDO DELLE BIOBANCHE Le prospettive della medicina personalizzata, i problemi giuridici e le garanzie a tutela dei donatori.  Read more
IL SOLE 24 ORE Venerdì, 22 Ottobre 2010 09:09
       IL SOLE 24 ORE - SANITA' - 19 OTTOBRE 2010 Di Umberto Izzo e Matteo Macilotti,  RISCHIO PARALISI DAL NUOVO CODICE SUI BREVETTI L'ultima mossa del legislatore italiano       Read more
News: "Myriad Genetics Case" Venerdì, 05 Novembre 2010 15:10
  The New Brief as Amicus Curiae for the US Government in support of Neither Party in the "Myriad Genetics Patent" Case: The Twilight of Gene Patenting?  Read more
The Issue: What is Meant by the term 'human embryos' in Article 6 (2) (c) of Directive 98/44/EC? Lunedì, 06 Giugno 2011 14:47
  EU Court of Justice, Case C-34/10, Prof. Dr. Oliver Brüstle v Greenpeace e.V.   The case concerns the interpretation of Directive 98/44/EC on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. German Supreme Court (Bundesgerichtshof) asked the following questions about the directive on the interpretation of the term "human embryo" and related matters:  What is Meant by the term 'human... Read more
Health Data and Re-identification: The Case SORRELL V. IMS HEALTH INC. Giovedì, 30 Giugno 2011 17:07
 Prescription drug records, which contain information about patients, doctors, and medical treatment, exist because of federal and state regulation in this highly regulated field.  This case is about information from prescription records known as "prescriber-identifiable data." Such  data identifies the doctor or other prescriber, links the doctor to a particular prescription, and reveals... Read more
Myriad Case: The Empire strokes back (?) Venerdì, 11 Novembre 2011 16:37
  The Court of Appeal for the Federal Circuit riversed the decision made by the District Court of New York. The latter invalidated the patent owned by Myriad Genetics and the University of Utah Research Foundation over the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, on the base of the doctrine of "products of nature": isolated DNAs are not “markedly different” from native DNAs, so such molecules are... Read more
News: Brüstle v Greenpeace Venerdì, 11 Novembre 2011 17:22
In this recent case, the ECJ was asked for a preliminary ruling on the interpretation of Article 6 (2) (c) of Directive 98/44/EC on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. Adopting a broad definition of embryo, the European Court ruled that: " 1. Any human ovum after fertilisation, any non-fertilised human ovum into which the cell nucleus from a mature human cell has been... Read more
News from Spain Venerdì, 20 Gennaio 2012 11:16
  Published in BOE (Boletin Oficial del Estado) the "Real Decreto" about biobanks. real_decreto_biobancos.pdf Read more

Biobank Law

Intellectual Property

2010

 

Mueller J.M., Facilitating Patient Access to Patent-Protected Genetic Testing, Journal of Business & Technology Law, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2010

 

 

2009

 

SIMON B.M., How To Get a Fair Share: IP Policies For Publicly Supported Biobanks, Stanford Journalof Law, Science and Policy, 2009 

 

VAN OVERWALLE G. (ed.), Gene Patents and Collaborative Licensing Models. Patent Pools, Clearinghouses, Open Source Models and Liability Regimes, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009

 

2008

 

GOLD R., CARBONE J., Myriad Genetics: In the Eye of the Policy Storm, 2008, in rete, www.theinnovationpartnership.org

 

 

2007


HOLMAN C.M, The Impact of Human Gene Patents on Innovation and Access: A Survey of Human Gene Patent Litigation, 76 UMKC L. Rev. 295 (2007)


HOPKINS M.M., MAHDI S., PATEL P., THOMAS S.M., DNA Patenting: The End o fan Era?, 25 Nat. Biotech, 185 (2007)


2006



CAFORIO G., I trovati biotecnologici tra i principi etico-giuridici e il codice di proprietà industriale, Torino, 2006

 


CAULFIELD T., COOK-DEEGAN R.M., KIEFF F.S.,WALSH J.P., Evidence and Anectodes: an Analysis of Human Gene Patenting Controversies, 24 Nature Biotech, 1091 (2006)


GREENFIELD D.L., Greenberg v. Miami Children’s Hospital: Unjust Enrichment and the Patenting of Human Genetic Material, 15 Annals of Health Law, 213 (2006)


2005


EBERSOLE T.J., GUTHRIE M.C., GOLDSTEIN J.A., Patent Pool as a Solution to The Licensing Problems of Diagnostics Genetics, 17 Intellect. Prop. Technol. Law J., 6 (2005)


GOLD R., CAULFIELD T., JOLY J., Genetic Research Tool, The Research Exception and Open Science, 3 GenEdit, 1 (2005)


JENSEN K., MURRAY F., Intellectual Property. Enhanced: Intellectual Property Landscape of Human Genome, 310 Science, 239 (2005)


LIIVAK O., The Forgotten Originality Requirement: A Constitutional Hurdle for Gene Patents, 87 J. Pat. & Trademark Off. Soc'y, 261 (2005)


2004


MATTHIJS G., Patenting Genes May Slow Down Innovation, and Delay Availability of Cheaper Genetic Tests, 329 British Medical Journal, 1359 (2004)


2003


CHO M.K., Effects of Patents and Licenses on the Provision of Clinical Genetic Testing Service, 5 J. Molecular Diagnostics, 3 (2003)


CHO M., ILLANGASEKARE S., WEAVER M., LEONARD D., MERZ J., Effects of Patents and Licenses on the Provision of Clinical Genetic Testing Service, 5 J. Mol. Diagn., 3 (2003)


2002


ANDREWS L.B, Genes and Patent Policy: Rethinking Intellectual Property Rights, 3 Nat. Rev., 803 (2002)


ANDREWS L.B., The Gene Patent Dilemma: Balancing Commercial Incentives With Health Needs, 2 Houston Journal of Health Law & Policy, 65 (2002)


BARTON J.H., United States Law of Genomic and Post Genomic Patents, in 33 Intenational Review of Industrial Property and Copyright Law, 779 (2002)


GOLD R., CAULFIELD T., The Moral Toolboth: a Method that Makes Use of the Patent System to Address Ethical Concern in Biotechnology, 359 Lancet, 2268 (2002)


2001


BOBROW M., THOMAS S., Patents in a Genetic Age, 409 Nature, 763 (2001)


FAELLI T., La tutela delle invenzioni biotecnologiche in Europa: prime valutazioni di insieme, in Dir. ind., 2001, I, 129


2000


CAULFIELD T., GOLD R., CHO M.K., Patenting Human Genetic Material: Refocusing the Debate, 1 Nat. Rev., 227 (2000)


1999


CAMPIGLIO C., I brevetti biotecnologici nel diritto comunitario, in Dir. comm. internaz., 1999, IV, 849


DI CATALDO V., La brevettabilità delle biotecnologie. Novità, attività inventiva, industrialità, in Dir. ind., I, 1999, 177


GUIDETTI B., La Direttiva 98/44/CE sulle invenzioni biotecnologiche, in Contratto e Impresa, 1999, I, 482


1998


BAGGOT B., Patenting Transgenic in the European Union, 16(3) Nat. Biotechnol., 299 (1998)


BEGHÈ LORETI A., MARINI L., La protezione giuridica delle invenzioni biotecnologiche, in Diritto dell’Unione Europea, 4-1998, 793


HELLER M., EISENBERG R., Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anticommons in Biomedical Research, 280 Science, 698 (1998)


1996


CAPLAN A.L., MERZ J.F., Patenting Gene Sequences, 312 British Med. J., 926 (1996)


1994


BEIER F.K. , MOUFANG R., Patentability of human genes and living organism, in Dir. ind., 1994, I, 340


GRUNWALD R., VOGEL F., Patenting of Human Genes and Living Organism, New York, 1994


1992


CASUCCI G.F., Onco-mouse Harvard: 3° atto. Il problema della liceità, in Dir. ind., 1992, II, 158


EISENBERG R.S., Genes, Patents, and Product Development, 257 Science, 903 (1992)


KILEY T.D., Patents on Random Complementary DNA Fragments?, 257 Science, 915 (1992)


KO Y., An Economic Analysis of Biotechnology Patent, 102 Yale L. Rev., 1992, 777


1991


DI CERBO V., "Il topo di Harvard" ovvero la manipolazione genetica di animali all’esame dell’Ufficio europeo dei brevetti, in Foro It., 1991, IV, 178


GREENFIELD M.S., Recombinant DNA Technology: A Science Struggling with the Patent Law, 44 Stanf. f. L. Rev., 1991, 1051


1985


BEIER F.K., CRESPI R.S., STRAUSS J., Biotechnology and Patent Protection: an International Review, OCSE, 1985

 

Informed consent

2008



D’AVACK L., Sul consenso informato all’atto medico, in Diritto di famiglia e delle persone, 2008, fasc. 2, 759



2007


 
CAUFILED T., Biobank and Blanket Consent: The Proper Place of the public Good and Public Perception Rationales, 18 King's Law Journal, 209 (2007)



2006


 
CAPLAN A.L., ELGER B.S., Consent and Anonymization in Research Involving Biobanks, 7 Embo reports, 661 (2006)


 
FONG M., KATHYRIN L. B., MEI-LING CHANG, Native Hawaiian Preferences for Informed Consent and Disclosure of Results From Genetic Research, 21 Journal of Cancer Education S47 (2006)



2005


 
CLAYTON E. W., Informed Consent and Biobanks, 33 Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 19 (2005)


 
HELGESSON G., JOHANSSON L., The Right to Withdraw Consent to Research on Biobank Samples, Vol. 8 n. 3, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 315 (2005)


 
ERIKSSON S., HELGESSON G., Anonymization and Withdrawal from Biobank Research, 13 Eur. J. Hum. Gen., 1071 (2005)


 
MALLARDI V., The Origin of Informed Consent, 25 Acta Otorhinolaryngol. Ital., 312 (2005)


 
2004



ARNASON V., ARNASON G., Informed Democratic Consent? The Case of the Icelandic Database, 8 Trames, 164 (2004)


 
KEGLEY A.K., Challenges to Informed Consent, 5 Embo report 832 (2004)



2001


 
ANNAS G. J., Reforming Informed Consent to Genetic Research, 18 Journal of the American Medical Association, 2326 (2001)


 
DALLA VORGIA P., LASCARTOS J., SKIADAS P., GARANIS-PAPADATOS T., Is Consent in Medicine a Concept only of Modern Times?, 27 J. Med. Ethics 59 (2001)



1999


 
GREELY H.T., Breaking the Stalemate: A Prospective Regulatory Framework for Unforeseen Research Uses of Human Tissue Samples and Health Information, 34 Wake Forest L. Rev. 737 (1999)



1998


 
FERRANDO G., Il consenso informato del paziente e responsabilità del medico, principi, problemi e linee di tendenza, in Riv. crit. dir. priv., fasc.1-2, 1998, 37



1997


 
FENWICK P., BERAN R.G., Informed Consent – Should Bolam Be Rejected?, 16 Med Law 215 (1997)



1986


 
FADEN R., BEUCHAMP T. M., KING M.P., A History and Theory of Informed Consent, Oxford Un. Press, New York, 1986



1985


 
CRISCUOLI G., Ragionevolezza e consenso informato del paziente, in Rass. Dir. Civ., 1985, 480

 

Property

2009


STEINMANN M., SÝKORA P., WIESING U., Altruism Reconsidered. Exploring New Approaches to Property in Human Tissue, Ashgate, 2009 

 

HEANEY C., CARBONE J., GOLD R., BUBELA T., HOLMAN C.M., COLAIANNI A., LEWIS T., COOK-DEEGAN R., The Perils of Taking Property Too Far, Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, 2009

 

HOPPE N., Bioequity. Property and the Human Body, Farham, Ashgate, 2009

 

 

2008

 
NWABUEZE R. N., Donated Organs, Property Rights, and the Remedial Quagmire, 16 Med. Law Rev., 2008, pp. 201-224 


2007

 
HARDCASTLE R., Law and the Humam Body, Hart publishing, 2007


2006

 
ANDREWS L., Two Perspectives: Rights of Donors: Who Owns Your Body? A Patient's Perspective on Washington University v. Catalona, 34 J.L. Med. & Ethics 398 (2006)


2005

 
PALMERINI E., Le scelte sul corpo: i confini della libertà di decidere, Atti della relazione tenuta presso il Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura – Roma, 9-10 giugno 2005, pubblicati dal sito del CSM

 

D’ARRIGO R. C., Il contratto e il corpo: meritevolezza e liceità degli atti di disposizione dell’integrità fisica, in Familia, 2005, n. 4, 777

 
MARCHANT E., Property Rights and Benefit-Sharing for DNA Donors?, 45 Jurimetrics J., 153, 160 (2005)


2002

 
ANDEWS L., NELKIN D., Il mercato del corpo, Il commercio dei tessuti umani nell’era biotecnologia, Milano, 2002


 
FERRANDO G., Il principio di gratuità, biotecnologie e "atti di disposizione del proprio corpo", in Europa dir. priv., 2002, 761


 
MAGNUS D., CAPLAN L. A., MCGEE G., Who Owns Life?, New York, 2002



2001


 
ANDREWS L.B., NELKIN D., Body Bazaar: The Market of Human Tissue in The Biotechnology Age, New York, 2001


 
LAURIE G. T., MASON J. K, Consent or Property? Dealing with the Body and its part in the Shadow of Bristol and Alder Hey, 64 Mod. L. Rev.  710 (2001)



1998


 
GOLD R. E., Body Parts: Property Rights and the Ownership of Human Biological Materials, Georgetown University Press, 1998


 
ANDREWS L.B., NELKIN D., Homo Economicus; The Commercialization of Body Tissue in the Age of Biotechnology, in Hastings Center, 28(5):30-39, 1998


 
GOTTLIEB K., Human Biological Samples and the Laws of Property: The Trust as a Model for Biological Repositories, in Weir R.F., Stored Tissue Samples: Ethical, Legal and Public Policy Implications, University of Iowa Press, 1998



1992


 
MARTINEZ J., A Cognitive Science Approach to Teaching Property Rights in Body Parts, 42 J. Leg. Education 920 (1992)



1991


 
CALABRESI G, Una introduzione al pensiero giuridico: quattro approcci al problema del regime giuridico delle parti del corpo, in Riv. crit. dir. priv., 1991, 75



1990


 
DOGLIOTTI M., Atti di disposizione sul proprio corpo e teoria contrattuale, in Rass. dir. civ., 1990, 291



1987


 
EISENBERG R. S., Proprietary Rights and Norms of Science in Biotechnology Research, in Yale L.J., 1987, 97, 181


 
HELLER M., EISENBERG R., Proprietary Rights and the Norm of Science in Biotechnology Research, 97 Yale L.J. 177 (1987)



1986


 
HARDIMAN R., Toward the Right of Commerciability: Recognizing Property Rights in the Commercial Value of Human Tissue, 34 UCLA L. Rev. 209 (1986)



1985


 
CRISCUOLI G., L'acquisto delle parti staccate del proprio corpo e gli art. 820-821 c.c., in Riv. dir. fam., XIV, 1985, 271



1983


 
D’ADDINO SERRAVALLE P., Atti di disposizione del corpo e tutela della persona umana, Napoli, 1983



1959


 
DE CUPIS A., Teoria generale, diritto alla vita e all’integrità fisica, diritto sulle parti staccate dal corpo e sul cadavere, diritto alla libertà, diritto all’onore e alla riservatezza, Milano, 1959



1938


 
CARNELUTTI F., Il problema giuridico della trasfusione del sangue, in Foro it., IV, p. 89, 1938
 
 
 

Privacy

2009


BLYTH E., FRITH L., Donor-Conceived People's Access to Genetic and Biographical History: An Analysis of Provisions in Different Jurisdictions Permitting Disclosure of Donor Identity, 23 Int. J. Law Policy Family, 2009,  pp. 174-191


2008


KIMBERLY Y.J., Department: Heads Up: The GINA Is Out of the Bottle: the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act of 2008, 53 B.B.J., 9 (2008)


2007

 

CAGGIA F., Il trattamento dei dati sulla salute, con particolare riferimento all’ambito sanitario, in Cuffaro V., D’Orazio R., Ricciuto V. (a cura di), Il codice del trattamento dei dati personali, Torino, 2007, 405


LAURIE G, Genetic Privacy. A Challenge to Medico-Legal Norms, Paperback edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2007

 
MCGREGOR J.L., Population Genomics and Research Ethics with Socially Identifiable Groups, 35 (3) J. Law Med. & Ethics 356 (2007)


2006
 
AA.VV, Policy Papers on Biometrics & Genetic Data, made available by the European Commission, Department of Justice and Home Affairs (2006-2000)


BREGMAN-ESCHET Y., Genetic Databases and Biobanks: Who Control Our Genetic Privacy?, 23 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J., 1 (2006)


LORD D.B., The HIPAA privacy rule and medical records discovery, 30 AK Bar Rag, 6 (2006)
 
 

2005


GERARDS J. H., HERINGA A. W., JANSSEN H. L., Genetic Discrimination and Genetic Privacy in a Comparative Perspective, Intersentia, Antwerp 2005

 

HONG H., Dismantling the Privacy Enforcement of the Privacy Act of 1974: Doe v. Chao, 38 Akron L. Rev. 71 (2005) 

 

LEVIN A., NICHOLSON M.J., Privacy law in the United States, the EU and Canada: The Allure of the Middle Ground, 2 UOLTJ 357 (2005)



2004



AA.VV, Human Genetic Testing: What Implications? Proceedings and Final Reports of the European Stakeholders’ and Citizens’ Conference on the 25 Recommendations by the European Commission’s Expert Group on the Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects of Genetic Testing – Charlemagne Building, Brussels Belgium, 6/7 May 2004

 

D’ANTONIO V., I dati genetici, in Cardarelli F., Sica S., Zeno-Zencovich V. (a cura di), Il codice dei dati personali, Milano, 2004, 341


 
JOHNSTON C., KAYE J., Does the UK Biobank have a Legal Obligation to Feedback Individual Findings to Participants?, 12 Med. Law Rev., 2004, pp. 239 - 267


2003

 

BARISON S., Contratti nuovi, nuove teconologie e tutela della persona: il trattamento dei dati genetici nell’assicurazione di long term care, in Commandé G. (a cura di), Persona e tutela giuridiche, Torino, 2003, 217

 

DI CIOMMO F., La privacy sanitaria, in AA.VV., Diritto alla riservatezza e circolazione dei dati personali, (a cura di) R. Pardolesi, II, Milano, 2003, 249


2002


ANDERLIK M., ROTHSTEIN M., The Genetics Revolution: Conflicts, Challenges and Conundra: Article: Dna-based Identity Testing and The Future of The Family: A Research Agenda, American Journal of Law & Medicine, 215

 

LAURIE G., Genetic Privacy, A Challenge to Medical-Legal Norms, Cambridge University Press, 2002, 304

 


LOWRANCE W., Privacy and the Secondary Use of Data in Health Research, pubblicato per The Nuffield Trust, 2002 (2002)


2001


BELL D., BENNETT B., Genetic Secrets and the Family, 9 Med. Law Rev. 2001, pp. 130-161

 

BRADBURN N., Medical privacy and Research, 30 J. Of Leg. St., 687 (2001)


DUNKEL Y.F., Medical Privacy Rights in Anonymous Data: Discussion of Rights in the United Kingdom and the United States in Light of the Source Informatics Cases, 23 Loy. L.A. Int’l & Comp. L. Rev., 41 (2001)

 

2000


 JONATANSSON H., Iceland’d Health Sector Database: A Significant Head Start in the Search for the Biological Grail or an Irreversible Error?, 26 Am.J.L.and Med., 31 (2000)


LITMAN J., Information Privacy/Information Property, 52 Stan. L. Rev. 1283 (2000)


1999


CATALOZZI M., Dati sanitari e dati genetici: una frontiera aperta?, in Nuov. giur. civ. comm., 1999, I, 831


1998


DE CAMELIS P., Privacy e potere informatico – Cenni al trattamento dei dati inerenti la salute, in Rass. amm. sanità, 1998, 4


1997


HARRIS R.E., The need to Know Versus the Right to Know. Privacy of Patient Medical Data in an Information-Based Society, 30 Suffolk Univ. L. Rev., 1189, (1997)


1996


MELL P., Seeking Shade in a Land of Perpetual Sunlight: Privacy as Property in the Electronic Wilderness, 11 Berk. Tech. L.J., 1 (1996)


1993


ANNAS G. J., Privacy Rules for DNA Databanks: Protecting Coded “Future Diaries”, JAMA, 1993; 270(19): pp. 2346-2350


1992


CADIET L., La notion d’information génétique en droit français, dans la génétique humaine: de l’information à l’informatisation, in Knoppers B. M., Cadiet L., Laberge C. (sous la direction de), Édition Litec, Paris, 1992, pp. 41-75


1991


MCCAIN K.W., Communication, Competition, and Secrecy: The Production and Dissemination of Research-Related Information in Genetics, Vol. 16 n. 4 Science, Technology, & Human Values 491 (1991)


1985


DE CUPIS A., I diritti della personalità, in Trattato di diritto civile e commerciale, a cura di Cicu A., Messineo F., Milano, 1985, 159